For example, some facial recognition software identifies this picture of a man wearing glasses as actress Milla Jovovitch:
[The New Scientist article from which the above picture is taken is "Glasses make face recognition tech think you're Milla Jovovich":
The (PDF) original paper:
Steven Talley was identified by the FBI as the primary suspect in two bank robberies using a facial recognition algorithm. He had an iron-clad alibi, but the police and FBI weren't convinced. In court one of the bank tellers said Talley definitely wasn't the robber. Nonetheless Talley lost his job, his wife and his family and was held in prison for months. For more details read:
"LOSING FACE: How a Facial Recognition Mismatch Can Ruin Your Life"
I found out about the facial recognition failures from he outstanding book "Hello World" by Hannah Fry. Fry tells the story of Steven Talley as part of a chapter on crime, AI and facial recognition.
Fry's book shows how/why facial recognition software simply does not work well enough to use in police work. She provides the studies and footnotes them. As Fry says:
"If you're searching for a particular criminal in digital line-up of millions...the best-case scenario is that you won't find the right person one in six times...". That is not nearly good enough for law enforcement and the courts.
-from "Hello World" by Hannah Fry
By the author of the article:
Hello World: Being Human in the Age of Algorithms - Hannah Fry
Do Dice Play God?: The Mathematics of Uncertainty - Ian Stewart
The Art of Statistics: How to Learn from Data - David Spiegelhalter
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