Found 4 comments on HN
I made the same transition earlier in my career. One book on deep learning that meets your requirements is [0]. It’s readable, covers a broad set of modern topics, and has pragmatic tips for real use cases.

For general machine learning, there are many, many books. A good intro is [1] and a more comprehensive, reference sort of book is [2]. Frankly, by this point, even reading the documentation and user guide of scikit-learn has a fairly good mathematical presentation of many algorithms. Another good reference book is [3].

Finally, I would also recommend supplementing some of that stuff with Bayesian analysis, which can address many of the same problems, or be intermixed with machine learning algorithms, but which is important for a lot of other reasons too (MCMC sampling, hierarchical regression, small data problems). For that I would recommend [4] and [5].

Stay away from bootcamps or books or lectures that seem overly branded with “data science.” This usually means more focus on data pipeline tooling, data cleaning, shallow details about a specific software package, and side tasks like wrapping something in a webservice.

That stuff is extremely easy to learn on the job and usually needs to be tailored differently for every different project or employer, so it’s a relative waste of time unless it is the only way you can get a job.

[0]: < https://www.amazon.com/Deep-Learning-Adaptive-Computation-Ma... >

[1]: < https://www.amazon.com/Pattern-Classification-Pt-1-Richard-D... >

[2]: < https://www.amazon.com/Pattern-Recognition-Learning-Informat... >

[3]: < http://www.web.stanford.edu/~hastie/ElemStatLearn/ >

[4]: < http://www.stat.columbia.edu/~gelman/book/ >

[5]: < http://www.stat.columbia.edu/~gelman/arm/ >

maurits · 2014-05-22 · Original thread
The most popular choices seem to be:

Machine Learning: a Probabilistic Perspective, by Murphy

http://www.cs.ubc.ca/~murphyk/MLbook/

Pattern classification, by Duda et all

http://www.amazon.com/Pattern-Classification-Pt-1-Richard-Du...

The Elements of Statistical Learning, by Hastie et all. It is free from Stanford.

http://www-stat.stanford.edu/~tibs/ElemStatLearn

Mining of Massive Datasets, free from Stanford.

http://infolab.stanford.edu/~ullman/mmds.html

Bayesian Reasoning and Machine Learning, by Barber, free available online.

http://web4.cs.ucl.ac.uk/staff/D.Barber/pmwiki/pmwiki.php?n=...

Learning from data, by Abu-Mostafa.

It comes with Caltech video lectures: http://work.caltech.edu/telecourse.html

Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning, by Bischop

http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/cmbishop/prml/

Also noteworthy

Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms, by Mackay, free.

http://www.inference.phy.cam.ac.uk/itprnn/book.html

Classification, Parameter Estimation and State Estimation, by van der Heijden.

http://prtools.org

Computer Vision: Models, Learning, and Inference, by Prince, available for free

http://www.computervisionmodels.com/

Probabilistic Graphical Models, by Koller. Has an accompanying course on Coursera.

atrilla · 2013-03-08 · Original thread
Yep, Pattern Classification by Duda, Hart and Stork:

http://www.amazon.com/Pattern-Classification-2nd-Richard-Dud...

It is very pragmatic, including algorithms for many machine learning and artificial intelligence topics (from fitting functions for classification or regression purposes to search processes). The authors have a strong industrial background (in addition to the academic).

tumanian · 2011-06-12 · Original thread
A great textbook as an intro is by Duda and Hart, Pattern Classification. http://www.amazon.com/Pattern-Classification-2nd-Richard-Dud.... Its pretty well written and gives a good overview of the main techniques. If you want a bit more theory, try Cherkassky and Muller, "Learning from Data".http://www.amazon.com/Learning-Data-Concepts-Theory-Methods/ Has a good overview section on statistical learning theory. And also, take WEKA and just play with it.Its nice to just check what works and what doesn't.

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